Meningitis and how to protect oneself from it

While it is not possible to completely protect yourself from coming into contact with viruses and bacteria that actually cause meningitis, there are steps that you can take to minimize your chances, or the chances of your loved ones, being infected.

What is Meningitis?

Meningitis is what occurs when the meninges are inflamed. The meninges refer to the three membranes that envelop the spinal cord and the brain. Medically, they are called the pia mater, arachnoid mater and dura mater. The main function of the meninges is to protect your central nervous system.

Symptoms of Meningitis

When it comes to meningitis, it is not always easy to recognize. In fact, there are some cases where the disease can progress with no symptoms and other situations where it is similar to the flu. However, people suffering from meningitis usually come down with the symptoms quickly and the broad symptoms include:

  • A rash that will not fade with pressure

  • Cold feet and hands

  • Headache

  • High fever

  • Muscle pain

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

How to Avoid Contracting Meningitis

In order to help and prevent contracting meningitis, Medicure Clinic advice the following tips:

  • Wash your hands regularly: This is especially important if you have been out in public or around others that are ill.

  • Evaluate your current symptoms: This is especially important if you are suffering from the flu or a cold to ensure that you are not developing a case of meningitis.

  • Ensure your immune system is kept strong: You should pay special attention to this during the winter months; do moderate amounts of exercise and wear a mask if you are going to by exercising in the cold.

  • Treat any earaches.

  • Do not drink too much alcohol.

  • Get the meningitis vaccination.

The vaccination is given to children when they are very young in order to prevent the virus. In fact, when the vaccination was first introduced in 1985 it reduced the chances of meningitis by approximately 95 percent.

Preventing meningitis is not difficult, but it will require a bit of effort. This can be an extremely dangerous situation, therefore preventing it is essential.