Multiple sclerosis is a disease that can have a variety of symptoms, which are unpredictable and have different intensity. While some patients may experience numbness and fatigue, in more severe situations MS (multiple sclerosis) may cause vision loss, paralysis, and diminished brain function. There are about 2.3 million people affected by MS in the world. Women are affected more often than men. Family history is one of the major risk factors. Being an immune-mediated disorder, MS attacks the parts of your body, which are vital to everyday function. When the protective coverings of verve cells are damaged, it leads to dysfunctions in the spinal cord and brain.
Here are the most common early signs of multiple sclerosis:
- Vision problems
Affecting the optic nerve, inflammation also disrupts central vision. As a result there can appear double, blurry or loss of vision. Although vision problems may not be noticed immediately, you should worry if you feel pain looking to one side or up.
- Vision problems
Affecting nerves in spinal cord and brain, MS sends conflicting signals around the body. But sometimes, there can be no any signals. As a result, there appears numbness. Numbness usually includes arms, face, fingers and legs.
- Spasms and pain
Muscle spasms and chronic pain is another common sign of multiple sclerosis. It was found out that 50% of people suffering from MS have chronic pain.
Spasms or muscle stiffness are also common signs. You can feel stiff joints or muscles. Often these are legs, which are commonly affected. Though back pain is also common.
- Weakness and fatigue
About 80% of people suffering from MS experience unexplained weakness and fatigue conditions. The fatigue usually appears suddenly and lasts several weeks before improving. When it comes to weakness, the legs are the first to be affected.
- Dizziness and balance problems
Problems with coordination and dizziness can worsen the mobility of person with MS. You may feel dizzy, lightheaded or feel as the surroundings are spinning (especially if the person stands up).
If you experience one or several of the symptoms described above, consult with your doctor.