The kidneys are organs responsible for waste management in human's body. They also maintain the body's blood pressure and chemical balance. If you don't take proper care of your kidneys, you risk getting certain health problems like urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and hypertension.
To decrease the health risks and protect your kidneys, follow these 5 steps:
- Eat enough fruits & vegetables to decrease acid build-up
Recent researches showed that adding more vegetables and fruits into your diet can diminish the risk of metabolic acidosis and kidney injuries. Too much acid can provoke fatigue, rapid breathing, and in extreme cases, shock and death. Fruits & vegetables can help you eliminate excessive acid from your kidneys, excreting it through urine.
Eating more fruits and vegetables can also help patients with chronic kidney disease. Despite the fact that these patients are usually treated with alkali supplements and bicarbonate, doctors confirm that vegetables and fruits can easily substitute them, as these represent a natural source of alkali.
- Regular intake of fish oil
A new study from Kidney International showed that Omega-3 fatty acids, like the ones found in fish oil can provide defense against sudden cardiac arrest and/or death to dialysis patients.
- Cut back on protein, salt, and water
The body spends much energy removing excess of protein, salts and even water. As the part of body filtration system, your kidneys play a significant role here. So, eating too much of the things listed above, your kidneys have to work harder. And sometimes it may lead to their dysfunction. If not properly filtered, the excess of salt can result in higher blood pressure and lead to heart attacks and stroke. Eating more than 1 gram of protein per pound of your body weight can also create tension in your kidneys. In this case, kidneys have to work even more to eliminate blood urea nitrogen from the body, which can result in kidney malfunction. Don't consume more than 25-35 ounces of water every hour. This will help you to avoid hyponatremia and other renal damages.
- Exercise regularly
The studies showed that people who work out regularly not only improve the overall physical condition, but also have healthier heart rates and blood pressure. Yoga helps with muscle strength, cardiovascular trainings improve aerobic capacity and resistance training helps walking ability.
- Check your blood pressure
The normal blood pressure level should be 120/80. If your blood pressure is between this level and 140/90, you are considered pre-hypertensive. This is the time to apply dietary changes and adopt your lifestyle. In case your blood pressure is more than 140/90 you should discuss all the risks with your GP, so he can monitor your pressure. Very often high blood pressure causes kidney damage and is also associated with other factors like high cholesterol, cardio-vascular disease and high cholesterol.