Prostate Cancer: What You Need to Know

Currently there are 250,000 men affected by prostate cancer every year in the United States. This is the second common type of cancer causing cancer-related deaths. Each year about 25, 000 men die from it. Let’s review the possible causes, warning signs, what you should discuss with your doctor, and more.

Prostate Cancer: What is it?

Prostate cancer is a tumor that develops in a small gland, called prostate. It has the size of a walnut and is situated just below the men’s bladder. Being a serious disease, prostate cancer is slowly developed. The tumor usually affects only the small area of the prostate, growing slowly, so it may never need any treatment. However, based on Medicure Researched; young men are more than likely to have more symptoms and risk of spreading outside the prostate.


Are you at risk?

Men who are under 45 are in the lowest risk group. While aging, the cases of prostate cancer increase. Family history and/or personal history of prostate cancer also increase the risk. Another group of men with higher risk of developing this type of cancer is African-American and African-Caribbean men. If you are vegetarian, that decreases halves the risk of disease comparable to meat eaters.


How can you be diagnosed?

A regular visit to urologist will help you to timely prevent any changes in your prostate. You will be submitted to a blood test and will be examined with a gloved finger through your rectum. This is not a very pleasant procedure, but it should not cause pain.


Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Among the main symptoms there are:


-You need to urinate frequently, especially at night

-You have an interrupted or weak urinary stream

-There occur difficulties when you start or stop urinating

-Blood in urine or semen

-You have burning or painful sensation during urination or ejaculation

-Leaking urine when coughing, sneezing or laughing

-You can’t urinate in standing-up position


The above symptoms may not always be diagnosed as prostate cancer symptoms according to our Medicure Doctors. Instead they can be caused by the blockage from the cancer growth in prostate. These can also be symptoms of a urinary tract infection, or of enlarged noncancerous prostate due to some inflammation process.