There are numerous risk factors that affect the chance of developing breast cancer. Some of these are lifestyle related and can be changed while others are genetic (inherited) which makes them unchangeable.
How can you know if you have a high risk of developing breast cancer?
Well known factors that you cannot change are your gender, your breast tissue density (higher breast tissue density is connected with a higher risk of developing breast cancer), your age or your genetics (the most common cause of hereditary breast cancer is the inherited mutation in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes) and many more.
If you are in the demographic with high breast cancer risk, here are the best tips from Medicure Clinic.
Perform regular breast self-examinations and mammograms
If you have high breast cancer risk it is obligatory for you to perform breast self-examination on a monthly basis. You also have to perform annual mammograms in order to detect any problems with your organism. Those two apply even more if you are over 40 years old as age increases your chance of developing breast cancer. You will do good to couple your mammograms with an annual breast MRI to ensure the best monitoring of your body's state.
Be very careful with hormone disturbance
You have to consider voiding hormone replacement therapy and the widely spread birth control pills if you are already at high risk of developing breast cancer.
Consider performing a Prophylactic Mastectomy
Warning: Medicure Clinic advises you to keep in mind that before undergoing such a stressful operation you should discuss both the benefits and complications with a number of specialists.
Prophylatic Mastectomy, also known as Preventive Mastectomy, is the removal of both breasts via surgery. If you choose to do so, most of your breast tissue will be removed, reducing your chances of developing breast cancer by 90%. However, your body will have a small amount of breast tissue remaining and cancer can develop there.
The procedure is a very tough one and it can lead to social and personal complications as it affects both body image and sexuality.
Think about starting a drug-related therapy
As with the Prophylactic Mastectomy, we want you advise you to consult with a number of certified professionals before you start any therapy.
You can start two types of popular drug-related therapy if you are in the high risk demographic. The first one is Tamoxifen therapy. It reduces your breast cancer risk by around 44% by utilizing the drug's ability to block the estrogen effect on breast tissues Raloxifene therapy is similar to the Tamoxifen procedures and it functions in the same way.