Despite the fact that the overall death rate due to cardiovascular disease has decreased over the last years, the absolute number of deaths caused by CDV in women is actually growing. The risk of getting cardiovascular disease increases with the aging. Thus, all women older than 50 years old should be aware of the risks in order to prevent the illness.
As the disease affects the whole cardiovascular system, it can lead to numerous problems. One of these problems is atherosclerosis. Its a process when there appears a plaque, which builds up the walls in the arteries. The arteries become narrower and it makes the blood harder to flow through. In case of block it can cause a heart attack or stroke. And it doesn’t end here. Cardiovascular disease may have many other forms:
- Arrhythmia or an abnormal rhythm of the heart
- Heart failure/congestive heart failure
- Heart valve problems
Preventive measures can help stay healthy and reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease. Here’s what you need to know about the main causes of cardiovascular disease and the ways of prevention you may consider.
Many things can put you at risk for these problems. Some of them can be controlled, some-not. But the key here is to have right and useful information, proper education and care.
Recent studies showed that preventive measures taken by women have resulted in 300 fewer women dying from cardiovascular disease a day.
Here are some lifestyle changes you may consider to make you healthier and decrease the risks of getting the disease:
- Quit smoking. More than 50% of heart attacks among middle-aged women happen because of tobacco. Risk of cardiovascular disease begins to diminish within months of smoking cessation. In 3-5 years you’ll be able to reach the level of persons who’ve never smoked.
- Get your blood pressure under control.
- Manage your blood sugar
- Stay active every single day
- Decrease the level of cholesterol in your blood. High blood cholesterol significantly increases your chances of developing coronary heart disease.
- Manage your blood sugar. Obesity is unhealthy for both men and women.
Specifically abdominal obesity can become an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in women.
- Know your family history
- Eat healthy food