What are the Different Types of Heart Diseases?

There are known many types of heart diseases. Every type has its own signs and symptoms.  Here are the main symptoms of each type of heart disease:

Coronary Artery Disease
It's one of the most common types of heart diseases, which affects more than 13 million people in the USA per year.

Cardiomegaly (enlarged heart)
It's usually caused by hypertension (high blood pressure) or coronary artery disease. Although this type can have many other causes.

Irregular Heart Rhythm
Irregular heart rhythm, also known as arrhythmia appears when heart doesn't keep up a good, regular beat.

Heart Attack
Heart attack is a serious condition, when you need an urgent medical assistance. Also known as myocardial infarction, it provides a permanent damage to the heart muscle. Because of lack of blood supply, the tissue (heart muscle cells) dies.

Atrial Fibrillation
This type of heart disease is known as the most common kind of irregular heartbeat.

Heart Valve Disease
There are 4 valves in a human's heart. These valves guarantee that blood always flows freely in a forward direction. Heart valve disease occurs when your heart's valves do not work the way they should. Heart valve disease may occur as a result of birth defects, various infections, age-related changes and some other conditions that may negatively affect heart valves and its ability to pump blood.

Congenital Heart Disease
Not everyone gets heart disease during his or her life. Some are born with it. 

Enlarged heart (Cardiomegaly)
Cardiomegaly is rather a symptom of another condition, not a heart disease. Usually it can be diagnosed through the chest X-ray.  The disease can be developed because of stress on human’s body. These can be pregnancy, heart valve problems, coronary artery disease or untypical heart rhythms.

Tool: Heart Rhythm Disorders
The irregular heart rhythms can make the pumping function of the heart to fail.

Sudden Cardiac Death
It's the main cause of 50% of all heart disease deaths. SCF is a sudden, unexpected death caused by loss of heart function.

The human's heart is held by a little sac. The name of it is pericardium. It may become infected and in this case there occurs pericarditis or pericardial disease.