What is a Prenatal Infection

A prenatal infection is an infection caused by virus or bacteria, which can be transmitted from a mother to her baby during pregnancy.
This type of infection includes viral or bacterial illnesses that can be passed from mother to her child either during pregnancy, when the baby is still in the uterus, during the delivery process or shortly after birth. The mother may not have any active symptoms of the infection during her pregnancy. It is also important to note that men can become infected with one of these diseases and can transmit these to other women.
Here you can find the list of the most common prenatal infections:

Cytomegalovirus
CMV, known as cytomegalovirus comes from a herpes family. It can be spread both through sexual contact and more casual forms of physical contact, like kissing for example. Adults can have mild symptoms of the disease like fever, fatigue and swollen lymph glands.  But many people may just have no symptoms at all. Infants can become infected with CMV while being in the mother’s uterus.  They are usually developed normally, but often they are born with serious complications. CMV may cause blindness, mental retardation, epilepsy or deafness in these babies.

Chlamydia
One of the most common met bacterial diseases that are sexually transmitted is Chlamydia trachomatis. Most of the women don’t experience any symptoms of this infection. In its turn, the infection negatively affects reproductive tract and results in infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease and ectopic pregnancy. In an infant it may cause eye infections during the 1st month of life and pneumonia within 1-3 months of age.

Hepatitis B
There are about 20, 000 infants that born with the hepatitis B virus. The contagious virus is transmitted from mother to child during delivery, through their mothers' blood.

Genital herpes
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease that can result in miscarriage or delivering a low birth weight baby. If mother has an active sore, the infection can be transmitted to the infant during delivery. The biggest risk for the baby caused by the disease can be developing of HSV-2 encephalitis. It is an inflammation of brain with the symptoms of poor feeding and irritability.

Human papillomavirus
HPV is another sexually transmitted disease that comes with genital warts and can lead to developing of some cancers. This infection is commonly transmitted from mother to her baby during the birth process.