Being a part of endocrine system, thyroid plays an essential role in your body's health. If it works properly, it's almost certain your hormones will be as well. Thyroid disorders affect about 80% of women and 20% of men worldwide. Let’s investigate 5 most common thyroid problems:
Hyperthyroidism is a condition when the thyroid gland becomes overactive and produces too much of T3/T4 hormones. The symptoms of hyperthyroidism may include anxiety, heart palpitations, goiter, excess sweating, weight loss, muscle weakness, and diarrhea. The causes are different. The treatment generally consists in taking anti-thyroid medications, beta blockers, radioactive iodine and sometimes surgery. Natural approach usually includes special diet that normalizes thyroid functioning. It becomes important to exclude bromine, fluoride and chlorine. Probiotics, lithium orotate, vitamin D-3, L-dopa and Omega-3 fats can help support thyroid health. To reduce stress, which usually comes with this type of disorder you are also recommended to get enough sleep, practice deep breath meditation and general relaxation.
Hypothyroidism is an opposite side of thyroid disorder and appears when thyroid gland becomes underactive. Symptoms may include weight gain, tiredness, baldness, cold intolerance, dry skin, hair and nails, irritability and depression. When it comes to causes, these can be nutritional iodine deficiency, thyroid deficiency from birth, metal toxicity, pituitary gland abnormality, imbalance of good vs. bad bacteria. To treat the disorder, your doctor may prescribe you a synthetic hormone called Levothyroxine. The natural steps include increasing exercise and including the same practices as for hyperthyroidism. Working out can help boost thyroid hormones, supporting the underactive gland.
- Hashimoto's Disease
Being an autoimmune disorder, Hashimoto’s disease is recognized when the immune system attacks thyroid gland in response to antibodies produced by exposure to an allergen. As a result, there appears an inflammation in thyroid cells and tissues. It can lead to thyroid gland destruction, finally leading to hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Having this type of disorder you may feel cold intolerance, fatigue, goiter, weight gain, and sleeplessness, paleness in face, dry/bitter hair, muscle/joint pain, depression. The approaches in treatment are similar to that of hypothyroidism.
- Grave’s Disease
Grave’s disease is also an autoimmune disorder, where the immune system attacks the thyroid gland. There appears inflammation and overproduction of T3/T4 thyroid hormones. The thyroid becomes overactive. Symptoms may include goiter, anxiety, hand tremors, heart palpitations, irritability, insomnia, diarrhea, muscle weakness, eye problems and heat intolerance. The treatment is generally the same as hyperthyroidism.