The signs and symptoms of glaucoma are different and depend on the stage of your condition. The most commonly met types of glaucoma include open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma.
Symptoms of open-angle glaucoma
The common symptoms are:
- Patchy blind spots in central or peripheral vision, frequently in both eyes.
- In the more severe stages there can appear tunnel vision
Acute-angle glaucoma can be recognized by:
- Eye pain
- Severe headache
- Eye redness
- Halos around lights
If you leave glaucoma untreated, it will finally result in blindness. And even with proper treatment about 15 percent of people suffering from glaucoma become blind in at least 1 eye within the following twenty years.
Symptoms of angle-closure glaucoma
- Blurred or hazy vision
- Severe eye and head pain
- You see rainbow-colored circles around bright lights
- Sudden sigh loss
- Nausea or vomiting ( which usually come with severe eye pain)
Angle-closure glaucoma appears when the drainage canals in the eye become blocked and this leads to sudden rise of intraocular pressure. This type of glaucoma is met not so often as open-angle glaucoma and it requires immediate medical attention.
Compared to open-angle glaucoma, the symptoms of acute angle-closure glaucoma appear very fast and cannot be unnoticed, as damage appears quickly. If you suffer from one of several symptoms described above, consider immediate consultation with your ophthalmologist.
When to see a doctor
Seek immediate medical care once you experience one or several symptoms of acute angle-closure glaucoma, which can include eye pain, severe headache and blurred vision.
Don't forget to schedule regular eye exams. Open-angle glaucoma provides a couple of warning signs before it permanently damages your eyes. Regular eye exams will help you to detect glaucoma on time, when you can still successfully slow or prevent vision loss.
You are highly recommended to perform glaucoma screening:
- Every 4 years starting with the age of 40 if you don’t have any glaucoma risk factors.
- Every 2 years, when you are over 65 or are at a higher rick (one of the ricks factors is high eye pressure)
If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, it is very important to perform regular examinations, so the doctor can monitor your condition and make sure that the treatment he prescribed helps to obtain a safe eye pressure.