Skin cancer can happen to anyone. Although it is considered that people with pale, white skin are more susceptible to skin cancer, those who have skin of color can also get this type of cancer. For example, a musician from Jamaica, Bob Marley had melanoma on his foot. But most of the people who have skin cancer are commonly persons with lighter skin.
The main causes of skin cancer are caused by indoor and sun tanning.
People under the risk are:
- Those using sun lamps and tanning beds
- Who spend too much time in the sun
- Lived or live now in an area with intense sunlight, like the Carribean, Florida and northern Australia
Even if the exposure was several years ago, the person is still under the risk of developing skin cancer. Even if the exposure didn't last long, lying out for several summers increases the risks of cancer.
Medical experts explored the main factors that contribute to developing fo skin cancer:
First of all that is the skin type and the moles on the skin that affect the risks. The risks increase also when:
- There are 50 or more moles on the skin
- When a person has lighter skin color, especially when it's combined with red or blond hair and green, grey, and blue eyes
- If a person has bad sunburns and blistering sunburns
- If the skin freckles or burns rather than tans
- When a person has "dyplastic nevi" or "atypical nevi" moles
There are also other important factors you should pay attention to:
Family: If one of close blood relatives had (has) skin cancer, the risks of getting skin cancer increases. Close blood relative is a brother or sister, parent or child.
Medical history: Certain diagnosis put a person to a higher risks of developing skin cancer:
- Organ transplant. When the medicine prevents the body from rejecting the organ, it weakens the immune system. In its turn, a weak immune system increases chances of skin cancer.
- Having skin cancer in the past
- X-ray treatment. Too many x-ray treatments also increase the risk. It may take several years to develop.
- Bad burn. Skin cancer can develop in the places with the skin badly burned.
- Any illness that weakens the immune system. HIV and lymphoma are few diseases that weaken immune system
- Having AKs (actinic keratoses). This means your skin has a lot of damage. That leads to increased risks of getting any type of skin cancer. Often this is squamos cell carcinoma type of cancer.
- Xeroderma pigmentosum. People with this very rare disease usually get skin cancer
- Gorlin's syndrome (also known as basal cell nervus syndrome). People who suffer from this disease can have multiple basal cell carcinomas in early life. They are also under the risk of getting non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and melanoma.