Calcium and vitamin D are known for their excellent properties to make stronger and healthier bones. You can receive both elements from some food, as well as vitamin D can be produced in the body after exposure to sunlight. The fact is that most people all over the world have lower intake of these elements than recommended. As a result there appear such problems as bone fractures and osteoporosis.
Calcium and vitamin D supplements can be taken as a fractures’ preventing measure. Also it was proved that vitamin D and calcium supplements are essential for people who already have osteoporosis.
Woman after menopause have higher risk of fractures and osteoporosis than premenopausal women. That means that the recommendations for both groups of women are different.
US Preventive Services Task Force (a group of experts that provide information about preventive health care) made various studies to discover harms and benefits of calcium and vitamin D when taken in adults who don’t have osteoporosis.
It is evident that appropriate intake of calcium and vitamin D are beneficial for overall health. But it was not determined whether these supplementations have any positive effect on premenopausal women and men. 1000mg of calcium and 400 IU (Internationale Unit) of vitamin D3 per day have no effect on the incidence of fractures in postmenopausal women.
1000 mg or less of calcium and 400 IU (Internationale Unit) or less of vitamin D3 are associated with a small risk for kidney stones.
It is still unclear whether premenopausal women and men who don’t have vitamin D deficiency or osteoporosis should consume vitamin D and calcium to prevent fractures. Postmenopausal women, living outside the institutions (like nursing homes) should avoid consuming daily doses of 1000 mg or less of calcium as well as 400 IU or less of vitamin D3
You shouldn’t follow these recommendations if you are the one with vitamin D deficiency o already have osteoporosis. However there are many other reasons to take the supplements besides the fractures prevention. Medicure Clinic suggests taking vitamin D supplements to prevent falls in older adults.